|A health insurance society is a public corporation that provides health insurance services in place of the government. Around 1700 health insurance societies currently operate nationwide. There are many unique benefits that result from health insurance operation by a health insurance society|
Health insurance comes in several varieties
Under a health insurance system, an employer
(company) and its employees pay insurance premiums to provide protection
against the possibility of sudden unexpected costs following events
such as illness, injury, hospitalization, or death. In this spirit of
communal support, health insurance also provides compensation for living
expenses in the event of illness or injury, as well as everyday activities
to improve one's health. Health insurance systems generally fall into
one of four general types, reflecting differences in workplaces and
other factors. (See the table below.) Although the type of insurance
system you join is determined by your company (workplace), all Japanese
citizens are required to have health insurance.
The organization that operates the health insurance system is known as the insurer. Insurers can be the government or health insurance societies. As its name suggests, the Sony Health Insurance Society (Sony Health Insurance hereinafter) is a health insurance society insurer. It was established May 1, 1958, with the authorization of the Minister of Health and Welfare.
A health insurance society operates on democratic principles.
The health insurance society operates democratically, managed by a board whose members and directors are elected (to 3-year terms) by the employer (company) and the insured persons (employees).
A health insurance society makes the following possible:
1. Independent operations that reflect the specific conditions of society members
2. Enables payment of additional
3. Allows development of independent
health promotion operations
4. Provides latitude in setting insurance premiums based on specific financial circumstances
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